I am adding a section to my webpage to share stories of other family members. If you would like to share your story with me, please feel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Revolutionary War records
1782 Washington Co. VA-Capt. Fulkison Precinct Personal
Property List: Edward Callahan: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on North side of n. fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington Co., VA Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Nov. 29, 1794 Rockingham County, NC Land Deed . Deed book D:231
Ezekiel Callahan , Edward Callahan , Nathaniel Callahan, Jane Calahan, Darby Hopper, Jones Parrish and Unity Callahan to Robert Gilmore for 26 pounds Va money 53 1/4 A on S side Matrimony Cr. adj. John Hopper. Nov. 29, 1794. John Gibson, Philip Rose, Jesse Harris.
DEC 1801 -Came to Kentucky in Dec 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons Samuel, John and Robert, with their families-also Roger and Robin Cornett. William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornetts had each married th e daughters of Edward Callahan.
North Carolina Marriages to 1825
Groom: Edward Callahan
Bride: Mary Nickles
Bond Date: 23 Oct 1768
Bond #: 000123342
Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868
Image Num: 005866
Record #: 01 049
Bondsman: John Callahan; George Felsom
Witness: Thoms Frohock
Notes for MAHALA SUSANNAH BROCK:
Mahala Susannah Brock
She was Cherokee according to records of her grandson Samuel Cornett.
1810 Census lists 10 slaves attached to the household.
More About EDWARD CALLAHAN and MAHALA BROCK:
Marriage: Abt. 1767, Washington county, Virginia
· Surname: Callahan
Given Name: Edward
Birth: 1743 in Rockingham County, Virginia 1 2
Death: 1823 in Clay County, Kentucky 1 2
Reference Number: 880
1782 Washington Co.,VA-Capt. Fulkison’s Precinct Personal
Property List: Edward Callahan: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on Northside of n. fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington Co., VA Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Came to Kentucky in Dec 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons Samuel, John and Robert, with their families-also Roger and Robin Cornett. William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornetts had each married the daughters of Edward Callahan.
SOURCE: Deborah Callahan Schramm; email@example.com, She is a 5th great granddaughter of Edward & Mahala Brock Callahan.
NOTE: Edward Callahan born ca 1743. Edward and Susannah were bought into court in Montgomery co. Va. for living together and not being married and having children out of wedlock. Their daughter Jennie Callahan married William Strong. They moved in 1800 from Russell County, Virginia to Floyd County, Kentucky in 1807 Clay County KY was formed from Floyd County.
1810 Clay County Census: Page 156
MALES under 10 10-16 16-26 26-45 45 and over
FEMALES under 10 10-16 16-26 26-45 45 and over
Edward Callahan 0 0 0 0 1 – 0 0 0 0 1 – 10
This is Edward Callahan and his wife Mahala Susan Brock. they don’t have any children living at home, their son Isaac is married and living next door to them. Edward has 10 slaves attached to this household.
Isaac Callahan 0 0 1 0 0 – 1 0 1 0 0 – 0
Male 16-26,1, born between 1784 and 1794, Isaac Callahan
Female 0-10,1, born between 1800 and 1810
Female 16-26,1, born between 1784 and 1794, Mahala Wilson, d/o of Phillip Wilson
The 1810 Clay County Census shows him as being married already and having one daughter.
Isaac Callahan married Mahala Wilson on the 25 July 1810 in Clay County Kentucky.
Isaac Callahan was hanged in Manchester, Kentucky in 1817 for the murder of Samuel Newberry.
1820 Clay County Census: Page 114
MALES under10 10-16 16-18 16-26 26-45 45 and over
FEMALES under10 10-16 16-25 26-45 45 and over
FREE COLORED m-f
Edw. Callahan 2 0 0 1 0 1 – 2 1 1 0 1 – 0 – 3m4f
FWM [0-10], 2, born between 1810 and 1817
FWM [16-26],1, born between 1794 and 1804
FWM [45+], 1, this is Edward Callahan Isaac Callahan father.
FWF [0-10], 2,
FWF [10-16],1, this is Isaac daughter. born before 1810.
FWF [16-25], 1, if Isaac was hung in 1817 then this is Mahala Wilson Isaac Callahan Wife.
FWF [45+], 1, this is Mahala Susan Brock
Phillip Wilson 0 0 0 0 1 0 – 3 0 1 0 1 – 0 – 0
Male 26,45, 1
Father: Darby CALLAHAN b: Abt 1720 in Virginia
Mother: Unity HARRIS b: Abt 1720 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Mahala Susan BROCK b: Abt 1749 in Cumberland Co, Virginia
Married: Apr 1770 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Mahala Susannah “Sukey” BROCK b: 1749 in Cumberland Co., VA
Married: 1773 in Montgomery Co., VA
Note: brought to court for having Bastard Children out of wedlock and forced to marry on the spot…. Sukey’s father was Indian and her husband was at least half Indian…
Change Date: 3 May 2004
Copied from The Hurst Manuscript
The Strong family of Breathitt and Owsley Counties in Kentucky, was established by William Strong, who was born about the year 1768 in Virginia and died about 1848. He was married about the year 1790 to Jennie ( Jane ) Callahan, who was born about 1769nd died in 1815. She was the daughter of Edward Callahan and Mahalia Brock. Mahalia was the daughter of Aaron Brock and sister of Jessie Brock who lived in Harlan County. The Brocks were part indian. William Strong was the son of Daniel and grandson of John Strong. They originally came from Ireland. Before coming to Kentucky William lived in Holston Springs in Scott County, Virginia. About the year 1800 or 1801, a party was organized in Scott County, Virginia to come to Kentucky. This party was composed of Edward Callahan and family- William Strong and family- Daniel Davidson and three sons, Samuel, John and Robert and their families- also Roger and Robin Cornett. Some reports say that the Cornetts came a year or two previous to this time. The above parties brought with them their livestock- household goods- slaves and other possesions. William Strong, Samuel Davidson and the two Cornetts married daughters of Edward Callahan. After arriving in Kentucky they settled on the north fork of the Kentucky river at and near the mouth of Grapevine creek in what is now called Perry County. William Strong acquired a tract of land on the opposite side of the river from the mouth of Grapvine Creek. It extended from near what is now Chavies down the river as to include Strong’s Branch. On this land he erected a log cabin where he made his home for some eight to ten years. William, as a deputy assessor, made the first assessment of all land and personal property on the north fork, which was then embraced in the new county of Clay. He was the leader of the ” North Forkers” in the infamous ” cattle wars” which began in the year 1806 between the citizens of the North Fork and Red Bird, tributary of the South Fork. This feud extended over a period of years and a number of men lost their lives and a large number of cattle were killed. The South Forkers were led by Joh Gilbert who later became a noted preacher. About the year 1812 Strong acquired a large tract land further down river in what is now Breathitt County. It included most of the land from the Haddix lands above the mouth of Troublesome Creek and extended up river to some some distance above the mouth of George’s Branch. He erected a residence on the west side of the river about a mile below the mouth of George’s Branch, where he resided most of the time thereafter. In the later years of his life he lived a portion of his time on Meadow Creek in which is now part of Owsley County. He was a small man with a quick temper who walked with a cane because of a short leg caused from being broken in his youth. William Strong became a Baptist preacher in his later years. He acquired much land, most of which he left to his children. He owned 1400 acres on Meadow Creek, also 400 acres near the present site of Boonesville. He also owned land on Lost Creek. After the death of his wife in 1815, he was married a second time on July 7, 1816 to Patsey Pennington, who was born 1775 in North Carolina and died about 1856, She was the widow of Abel Pennington, Sr. By his first wife William had ten children, eight sons and two daughters. They were, Edward, John, Moses, Thomas, William, Polly, Alexander, Isaac, Isabell, and Henry H. He had no children from his second marriage.
William Strong was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia in 1768 and died in Breathitt County, Kentucky, 1848. His first marriage was in about April 1790, Rockingham County, Virginia to Jane Callahan. Jane was born in Scott County, Virginia to Edward and Mahala Susan (Brock) Callahan in 1791; she died in Chavies, Perry County, Kentucky in about 1815. William became a prominent land owner of Kentucky. He first obtained land on the North Fork of the Kentucky River, near the mouth of Grapevine Creek. This land measured from near Chavies to down the river and past Strong’s Branch. He built a log cabin home and lived there for 8 to 10 years. He was the Deputy Tax Assessor of newly formed Clay County and made the first real and personal property tax collection on the North Fork. William was the leader of the North Forkers during the cattle war which began in 1806, a war that continued for many years, leaving a bloody heritage for future generations. This cattle war was between people who lived on the North Fork and those who lived on the Red Bird, a branch of the South Fork. It was only the first of many feuds to develop in Breathitt County, Kentucky. In about 1812, William purchased more land down the river in what would later become Breathitt County, which was formed from Clay County. This land stretched from above the mouth of Troublesome Creek to past the mouth of George’s Branch. He built a home on the west side of the river, about one mile below George’s branch and remained there most of his life, other than the few years he lived in Owsley County on Meadow Creek. Records have stated that William was a short man with a quick temper. He walked with a cane because of a broken leg that had not healed properly. In later years he became a Baptist Minister, owning vast amounts of land, which he gave to his children. 1400 acres on Meadow Creek, 400 acres near Booneville, and other acreage on Lost Creek.
Henry Harrison Strong
· Edward “Ned” Callahan was half Cherokee. His mother was a Cherokee Indian.
1782: Washington County, Virginia – Captain Fulkison’s Precinct – Personal Property List: Edward Callaham: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on Northside of North Fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington County, Virginia Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Came to Kentucky in December 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons, Samuel, John, and Robert and their families, also Roger and Robin Cornett, William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornett’s had each married the daughters of Edward Callahan.
From note on tree on Ancestry.com
This is another great article in case you run into a brick wall and wonder where your family members could have gone.
|Since the first white settlers moved into Kentucky in the late eighteenth century, migration has been primarily responsible for the distribution of the state’s residents and has shaped the age-sex composition and social characteristics of the population. Migration patterns are indicators of economic conditions of the state and its regions.
The movement of settlers into Kentucky began in the 1770s, when it was still a part of the state of Virginia. To settle the territory, Virginia initially issued land warrants to veterans of the French-Indian and Revolutionary wars but soon opened the territory to the general public. The general westward movement into Kentucky continued for the next several years. Most migrants came overland by way of the Wilderness Road, but increasing numbers traveled down the Ohio River. After 1820, when the Kentucky population exceeded half a million, the growth rate dropped well below that of the nation, indicating a loss of residents to other states.
In 1850 the federal census began to collect data on places of birth of the population. A comparison of place of birth with place of current residence data reveals a rather slow change in the origin of Kentucky migrants, although in all decades most came from neighboring states. In 1860 Virginia was the origin of most migrants to Kentucky, followed in order by Tennessee, Ohio, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. By 1870 most migrants to Kentucky came from Tennessee. By 1970 most came from Ohio. Migrants from Indiana, Illinois, and West Virginia came to Kentucky in greater numbers during the twentieth century, while the numbers from North Carolina and Pennsylvania declined.
The movements of Kentucky natives to other states show a significant shift from a movement west in the nineteenth century to a movement north by the mid-twentieth century. In 1850 Missouri, followed by Texas, was the leading destination of Kentucky migrants and remained so until 1910. Gradually the migrant streams shifted to the north and northwest; Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan became major destinations of migrating Kentuckians. The availability of land had been the major attraction for nineteenth century migrants, but the lure of industrial jobs was a stronger moving force in the twentieth century.
Economic factors have exerted the greatest influence on the movements of people both into and out of Kentucky. Within sixty years after the first settlers moved in, the availability of good farmland farther west caused a net loss in population. The failure of Kentucky to develop major manufacturing industries to supplement agriculture and mining made it even more difficult for the state to retain its population in the years following World War II. The energy crisis of the 1970s produced simultaneously an industrial recession and a coal boom that temporarily reversed the direction of migration, creating Kentucky’s first gain in recent history. Since 1980, though, deteriorating economic conditions have sent migrants south and to the far West rather than to the industrial North.
Compared with more urbanized states of the region, Kentucky has attracted relatively few foreign immigrants. In 1850 the first count of the foreign-born tallied 31,400 immigrants, or 4 percent of the state’s population. The highest percentage (6.4) of foreign-born persons in Kentucky was recorded in 1869 and the greatest number (63,400) in 1870. From 1860 until 1950 both numbers and percentages of the foreign-born decreased. Since 1950 there has been a slight increase, but the 34,562 foreign-born counted in 1980 constituted less than 1 percent of the total population. Many of these foreign nationals were university students rather than true immigrants, while others were refugees or spouses of service personnel who had been stationed abroad.
Howard W. Beers, Growth of Population in Kentucky 1860-1940 (Lexington, Ky., 1942)
George A. Hillery, Jr., Population Growth in Kentucky, 1820-1960 (Lexington, Ky., 1966)
Simon S. Kuznets, ed., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth: United States, 1870-1950 (Philadelphia 1957).
THOMAS R. FORD
In the print edition this entry appears on pages 636 – 637
I found a really good resource for those who are researching early settlers of Kentucky. In this article it shares the location of where it was located and the towns that it traveled through.
|The first written record of the Wilderness Road is an announcement in the Kentucky Gazette on October 15, 1796: “The Wilderness Road from Cumberland Gap to the settlements in Kentucky is now completed. Wagon’s loaded with a ton weight, may pass with ease, with four good horses.” Before that time, most people called the route either Kentucky Road or the road to the Holston settlements, depending upon the direction of travel. On John Filson‘s map, the old trail is called “The Road from the Old settle[ments] thro’ the great Wilderness.”
The Wilderness Road more or less followed the old Warriors’ Path through the Cumberland Gap to Flat Lick, then parts of Skaggs’s Trace from Flat Lick to Crab Orchard, Kentucky. Old trails and county roads that extended from Crab Orchard to Harrodsburg and Louisville are also frequently called the Wilderness Road by historians. To follow the Wilderness Road today, the traveler starts from Gate City, Virginia, and takes U.S. 58 to Jonesville. At this point the old road went northward to the base of the Cumberland Mountains and followed the mountains southwest to the Cumberland Gap after rejoining U.S. 58 east of today’s Rose Hill, Virginia. Martin’s Station was located on the road near Rose Hill and Davis Station was on the Kentucky side of the gap, in what is now national park land. From Cumberland Gap to present-day Baughman, Kentucky, the Wilderness Road was nearly the same as U.S. 25E, except that it followed the west side of Yellow Creek north of Middlesboro and the east side of the Cumberland River north of Pineville.
The original route ran north of the present Barbourville, then joined and followed KY 229 to present-day London. Modrel’s Station was built along the road on the west side of the Little Laurel River in 1795; twenty-two militia were stationed there. North of London the road was approximately the same as U.S. 25 to Wood Creek, where it turned north and led to the top of Wildcat Mountain, where there was a trench battle during the Civil War . Farther north, the road ran along the ridge inside the bend in Rockcastle River, ascended on the northwest side, and crossed the river at Ford Creek below Livingston. The road then went up the south fork of Ford Hollow Creek to Sand Hill and followed the former Chestnut Ridge road into present-day Mt. Vernon. Part of the old road was destroyed during the construction of interstate highway I-75.
West of Mt. Vernon the original Wilderness Road is still visible, crossing Little Renfro Creek about 1.5 miles below U.S. 150, and following Boone’s Fork of the Dick’s (now Dix) River to Brodhead. The road followed the north side of the river for about two miles to a salt lick, then crossed to the south side, and followed for the most part U.S. 150 into Crab Orchard. From this point, travelers took county roads to their destinations. One of the most frequently used routes northward from Crab Orchard led to Danville and Harrodsburg, then to the salt works at Bullitt’s Lick, and finally to Louisville. Another road to Louisville from Harrodsburg ran north along the town fork of Salt River past McAfee’s Station to Hammons Creek, then across Big Benson Creek to Squire Boone’s Station, and westward past Lynn’s Station, Asturgus’s Station, the Dutch Station, Floyd’s Station, and the Spring Station.
The original Wilderness Road was not paved, but logs were added later in some sections as a surface material; one such section of corduroy road near Wildcat Mountain could still be seen as late as 1970. The log surfaces were probably installed by the Union army during the Civil War to support artillery and heavily loaded army wagons. On the north side of Wildcat Mountain, two parallel roads led up the hill, about sixty feet apart. One lane was used by double-teamed wagons going up the hill, the other by the spare horses going back down the hill to be double-teamed to another wagon.
Robert L. Kincaid, The Wilderness Road (Middlesborough, Ky., 1966)
Neal Hammon, “Early Roads into Kentucky,” Register 68 (April 1970): 91-131.
In the print edition this entry appears on pages 952 – 953
Activist and writer Michael Harrington (1928–1989) published The Other
America: Poverty in the United States in 1962. Read by President Kennedy and
many others, this highly influential book argued that despite America’s
apparent postwar prosperity, tens of millions of Americans were stuck in
desperate poverty. The Other America spurred many of the domestic policy
initiatives undertaken by the federal government in the 1960s, known as the “War on Poverty.”
In April 1964 president Lyndon Johnson traveled to Martin County, Kentucky, in the heart of Appalachia to launch the nation’s War on Poverty. Within a year—with passage of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (ARDA)—Appalachia was designated as a special economic zone. The act created a federal and state partnership known as the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), whose mission is to expand the economic opportunities of the area’s residents by increasing job opportunities, human capital, and transportation.
Over $23 billion had been spent on the region through the auspices of ARDA; roughly half of the funds were from ARC and the remainder were from other federal, state, and local programs. Most of which seemed to have been spent on initiating support for the people in their current time, but little was allocated for future education of the next generation or small business entrepreneurship. Another issue was that there was very little funding allocated for the schools and vocational programs..
Now that we are in the Information age, the problem with the region today is that because very little was done to educate the children of the five generations that followed the initiation of the ARDA. The region and people are not considered advantageous in soliciting businesses and companies to move to the area.
What are your thoughts on this issue? Do you believe that more could have been done to help the people of the Appalachian?
My opinion is that America is much to wealthy of a country to have the poverty and homelessness problems that we do. We need to take care of our own, and fix what is broken internally, not only physically, but mentally and Spiritually as a Nation.
ARC (Appalachian Regional Commission). 2009. Performance and Accountability Report
Autor, David, Lawrence Katz, and Melissa Kearney. 2006. “The Polarization of the U.S. Labor Market.” American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 96, no. 2: 189–94.
Billings, Dwight, and Kathleen Blee. 2000. The Road to Poverty: The Making of Wealth and
Hardship in Appalachia. Cambridge University Press
Caudill, Harry. 1963. Night Comes to the Cumberlands: A Biography of a Depressed Area. New York: Little, Brown.
Harrington, Michael. 1962. The Other America. New York: Scribner
Interesting article on Bowlingtown, I never noticed that my blog was used as an original source for her article.
This post tells the story of the Bowling’s/Boling’s and Bowlingtown– a story as viewed by ancestors and living relatives; it includes a famous colonizer; a single woman’s efforts to keep Bowlingtown and its families on the map and in our memories; and, a local newspaper’s documentary about them all.
Daniel Boone, the Great American Pioneer, used his daring, wood-craft, and “wilderness scout” skills and experiences to open up the landscape and colonize Kentucky for his family and other settlers that founded Bowlingtown like the Bowling, Boling, Barger, Begley, Combs, Duff, Hacker, Rice, and West families.
Bowlingtown was a thriving community of hundreds that once prospered where Buckhorn Lake state park now stands. After several years efforts (1995-1999), by Jewell Gordon, one of the last residents’ of Bowlingtown, a plaque now appears at the front of the Buckhorn Lodge that reads:
View original post 1,761 more words
Recently dove into the Baker Family doing some research of the connections between the two
families, and wow…. They go back a long Way! I had hit a brick wall with Benjamin Bowling Sr, without proof if he was a descendant to Col. Robert Bolling. I found another connection with his daughter Mollie Bowling who married Andrew Baker. This ties me by blood through Jason Walker Bowling. He was the son of Jesse B. Bowling and Susan Baker. (They were not married).
Williams set opposite the judge so as to maintain order while A.C. Lyttle the attorney argued for a change of venue, but Judge Cook who had came up from Pineville to oversee the proceedings called a recess, and on going outside Tom thanked T.T. Garrard for being there on his behalf, Tom, Jim and Wiley ate dinner at the Potter House, smoked for awhile and returned to court. Attorney A.C. Lyttle made a passionate plea for a change of venue again to Judge Cook, he also pointed out that the county was under control of the Whites and Howards, he added there would be bloodshed if Baker went on trial for killing a White in Manchester.
In 1856 the Garrard’s backed John Bowling for jailer he won but, within six months was found shot to death, the evidence pointed toward ED WHITE, which was tried and acquitted, T.T. Ran for the senate and won but resigned and ran for Congress against Greene Adams of Harlan Co. He lost, but ran against Carlo Britain of Harlan Co. And won the state senate, he served until he entered the Army on the onset of the Civil War. Although a staunch Democrat he joined the Union Army and was named Colonel by President Lincoln, he helped to raise 10,000 men of eastern Kentucky, at one point his father heard he was going to lead troops against Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer,”I hope he gets a good whipping,” his father said, but he did not, Boston Bob Baker who joined at the age of 63 under the command of T.T. Garrard was the one who supposedly killed Zollicoffer.
Chad Hall many years later on his death bed would confess the murder of Bad Tom Baker, an article was written in the Louisville newspaper attesting to this fact that he was the killer. Bad Tom Baker was buried in Boston Gap by his father George W. (Baldy) Baker.
This is a picture of my great great grandfather Anderson R. Bowling (Big Ance). He was the father of my great grandmother Callie Spicer Bowling. Callie married Albert Sidney Bowling, yes they were first cousins (sigh). Big Ance was said to be the largest man in Clay County. Photo courtesy of Sherry Baker, Harley Tucker Bowling.