I am adding a section to my webpage to share stories of other family members. If you would like to share your story with me, please feel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
I am adding a section to my webpage to share stories of other family members. If you would like to share your story with me, please feel free to email me at email@example.com.
Revolutionary War records
1782 Washington Co. VA-Capt. Fulkison Precinct Personal
Property List: Edward Callahan: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on North side of n. fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington Co., VA Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Nov. 29, 1794 Rockingham County, NC Land Deed . Deed book D:231
Ezekiel Callahan , Edward Callahan , Nathaniel Callahan, Jane Calahan, Darby Hopper, Jones Parrish and Unity Callahan to Robert Gilmore for 26 pounds Va money 53 1/4 A on S side Matrimony Cr. adj. John Hopper. Nov. 29, 1794. John Gibson, Philip Rose, Jesse Harris.
DEC 1801 -Came to Kentucky in Dec 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons Samuel, John and Robert, with their families-also Roger and Robin Cornett. William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornetts had each married th e daughters of Edward Callahan.
North Carolina Marriages to 1825
Groom: Edward Callahan
Bride: Mary Nickles
Bond Date: 23 Oct 1768
Bond #: 000123342
Level Info: North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868
Image Num: 005866
Record #: 01 049
Bondsman: John Callahan; George Felsom
Witness: Thoms Frohock
Notes for MAHALA SUSANNAH BROCK:
Mahala Susannah Brock
She was Cherokee according to records of her grandson Samuel Cornett.
1810 Census lists 10 slaves attached to the household.
More About EDWARD CALLAHAN and MAHALA BROCK:
Marriage: Abt. 1767, Washington county, Virginia
· Surname: Callahan
Given Name: Edward
Birth: 1743 in Rockingham County, Virginia 1 2
Death: 1823 in Clay County, Kentucky 1 2
Reference Number: 880
1782 Washington Co.,VA-Capt. Fulkison’s Precinct Personal
Property List: Edward Callahan: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on Northside of n. fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington Co., VA Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Came to Kentucky in Dec 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons Samuel, John and Robert, with their families-also Roger and Robin Cornett. William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornetts had each married the daughters of Edward Callahan.
SOURCE: Deborah Callahan Schramm; firstname.lastname@example.org, She is a 5th great granddaughter of Edward & Mahala Brock Callahan.
NOTE: Edward Callahan born ca 1743. Edward and Susannah were bought into court in Montgomery co. Va. for living together and not being married and having children out of wedlock. Their daughter Jennie Callahan married William Strong. They moved in 1800 from Russell County, Virginia to Floyd County, Kentucky in 1807 Clay County KY was formed from Floyd County.
1810 Clay County Census: Page 156
MALES under 10 10-16 16-26 26-45 45 and over
FEMALES under 10 10-16 16-26 26-45 45 and over
Edward Callahan 0 0 0 0 1 – 0 0 0 0 1 – 10
This is Edward Callahan and his wife Mahala Susan Brock. they don’t have any children living at home, their son Isaac is married and living next door to them. Edward has 10 slaves attached to this household.
Isaac Callahan 0 0 1 0 0 – 1 0 1 0 0 – 0
Male 16-26,1, born between 1784 and 1794, Isaac Callahan
Female 0-10,1, born between 1800 and 1810
Female 16-26,1, born between 1784 and 1794, Mahala Wilson, d/o of Phillip Wilson
The 1810 Clay County Census shows him as being married already and having one daughter.
Isaac Callahan married Mahala Wilson on the 25 July 1810 in Clay County Kentucky.
Isaac Callahan was hanged in Manchester, Kentucky in 1817 for the murder of Samuel Newberry.
1820 Clay County Census: Page 114
MALES under10 10-16 16-18 16-26 26-45 45 and over
FEMALES under10 10-16 16-25 26-45 45 and over
FREE COLORED m-f
Edw. Callahan 2 0 0 1 0 1 – 2 1 1 0 1 – 0 – 3m4f
FWM [0-10], 2, born between 1810 and 1817
FWM [16-26],1, born between 1794 and 1804
FWM [45+], 1, this is Edward Callahan Isaac Callahan father.
FWF [0-10], 2,
FWF [10-16],1, this is Isaac daughter. born before 1810.
FWF [16-25], 1, if Isaac was hung in 1817 then this is Mahala Wilson Isaac Callahan Wife.
FWF [45+], 1, this is Mahala Susan Brock
Phillip Wilson 0 0 0 0 1 0 – 3 0 1 0 1 – 0 – 0
Male 26,45, 1
Father: Darby CALLAHAN b: Abt 1720 in Virginia
Mother: Unity HARRIS b: Abt 1720 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Mahala Susan BROCK b: Abt 1749 in Cumberland Co, Virginia
Married: Apr 1770 in Virginia
Marriage 1 Mahala Susannah “Sukey” BROCK b: 1749 in Cumberland Co., VA
Married: 1773 in Montgomery Co., VA
Note: brought to court for having Bastard Children out of wedlock and forced to marry on the spot…. Sukey’s father was Indian and her husband was at least half Indian…
Change Date: 3 May 2004
Copied from The Hurst Manuscript
The Strong family of Breathitt and Owsley Counties in Kentucky, was established by William Strong, who was born about the year 1768 in Virginia and died about 1848. He was married about the year 1790 to Jennie ( Jane ) Callahan, who was born about 1769nd died in 1815. She was the daughter of Edward Callahan and Mahalia Brock. Mahalia was the daughter of Aaron Brock and sister of Jessie Brock who lived in Harlan County. The Brocks were part indian. William Strong was the son of Daniel and grandson of John Strong. They originally came from Ireland. Before coming to Kentucky William lived in Holston Springs in Scott County, Virginia. About the year 1800 or 1801, a party was organized in Scott County, Virginia to come to Kentucky. This party was composed of Edward Callahan and family- William Strong and family- Daniel Davidson and three sons, Samuel, John and Robert and their families- also Roger and Robin Cornett. Some reports say that the Cornetts came a year or two previous to this time. The above parties brought with them their livestock- household goods- slaves and other possesions. William Strong, Samuel Davidson and the two Cornetts married daughters of Edward Callahan. After arriving in Kentucky they settled on the north fork of the Kentucky river at and near the mouth of Grapevine creek in what is now called Perry County. William Strong acquired a tract of land on the opposite side of the river from the mouth of Grapvine Creek. It extended from near what is now Chavies down the river as to include Strong’s Branch. On this land he erected a log cabin where he made his home for some eight to ten years. William, as a deputy assessor, made the first assessment of all land and personal property on the north fork, which was then embraced in the new county of Clay. He was the leader of the ” North Forkers” in the infamous ” cattle wars” which began in the year 1806 between the citizens of the North Fork and Red Bird, tributary of the South Fork. This feud extended over a period of years and a number of men lost their lives and a large number of cattle were killed. The South Forkers were led by Joh Gilbert who later became a noted preacher. About the year 1812 Strong acquired a large tract land further down river in what is now Breathitt County. It included most of the land from the Haddix lands above the mouth of Troublesome Creek and extended up river to some some distance above the mouth of George’s Branch. He erected a residence on the west side of the river about a mile below the mouth of George’s Branch, where he resided most of the time thereafter. In the later years of his life he lived a portion of his time on Meadow Creek in which is now part of Owsley County. He was a small man with a quick temper who walked with a cane because of a short leg caused from being broken in his youth. William Strong became a Baptist preacher in his later years. He acquired much land, most of which he left to his children. He owned 1400 acres on Meadow Creek, also 400 acres near the present site of Boonesville. He also owned land on Lost Creek. After the death of his wife in 1815, he was married a second time on July 7, 1816 to Patsey Pennington, who was born 1775 in North Carolina and died about 1856, She was the widow of Abel Pennington, Sr. By his first wife William had ten children, eight sons and two daughters. They were, Edward, John, Moses, Thomas, William, Polly, Alexander, Isaac, Isabell, and Henry H. He had no children from his second marriage.
William Strong was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia in 1768 and died in Breathitt County, Kentucky, 1848. His first marriage was in about April 1790, Rockingham County, Virginia to Jane Callahan. Jane was born in Scott County, Virginia to Edward and Mahala Susan (Brock) Callahan in 1791; she died in Chavies, Perry County, Kentucky in about 1815. William became a prominent land owner of Kentucky. He first obtained land on the North Fork of the Kentucky River, near the mouth of Grapevine Creek. This land measured from near Chavies to down the river and past Strong’s Branch. He built a log cabin home and lived there for 8 to 10 years. He was the Deputy Tax Assessor of newly formed Clay County and made the first real and personal property tax collection on the North Fork. William was the leader of the North Forkers during the cattle war which began in 1806, a war that continued for many years, leaving a bloody heritage for future generations. This cattle war was between people who lived on the North Fork and those who lived on the Red Bird, a branch of the South Fork. It was only the first of many feuds to develop in Breathitt County, Kentucky. In about 1812, William purchased more land down the river in what would later become Breathitt County, which was formed from Clay County. This land stretched from above the mouth of Troublesome Creek to past the mouth of George’s Branch. He built a home on the west side of the river, about one mile below George’s branch and remained there most of his life, other than the few years he lived in Owsley County on Meadow Creek. Records have stated that William was a short man with a quick temper. He walked with a cane because of a broken leg that had not healed properly. In later years he became a Baptist Minister, owning vast amounts of land, which he gave to his children. 1400 acres on Meadow Creek, 400 acres near Booneville, and other acreage on Lost Creek.
Henry Harrison Strong
· Edward “Ned” Callahan was half Cherokee. His mother was a Cherokee Indian.
1782: Washington County, Virginia – Captain Fulkison’s Precinct – Personal Property List: Edward Callaham: Horses 13, Cattle 10, 400 acres on Northside of North Fork of Holstein. Actual settlement made in 1774. Listed on Washington County, Virginia Surveyors Record 1781-1797.
Came to Kentucky in December 1801 with William Strong and family, Daniel Davidson and 3 sons, Samuel, John, and Robert and their families, also Roger and Robin Cornett, William Strong, Samuel Davidson, and the two Cornett’s had each married the daughters of Edward Callahan.
From note on tree on Ancestry.com
This is another great article in case you run into a brick wall and wonder where your family members could have gone.
|Since the first white settlers moved into Kentucky in the late eighteenth century, migration has been primarily responsible for the distribution of the state’s residents and has shaped the age-sex composition and social characteristics of the population. Migration patterns are indicators of economic conditions of the state and its regions.
The movement of settlers into Kentucky began in the 1770s, when it was still a part of the state of Virginia. To settle the territory, Virginia initially issued land warrants to veterans of the French-Indian and Revolutionary wars but soon opened the territory to the general public. The general westward movement into Kentucky continued for the next several years. Most migrants came overland by way of the Wilderness Road, but increasing numbers traveled down the Ohio River. After 1820, when the Kentucky population exceeded half a million, the growth rate dropped well below that of the nation, indicating a loss of residents to other states.
In 1850 the federal census began to collect data on places of birth of the population. A comparison of place of birth with place of current residence data reveals a rather slow change in the origin of Kentucky migrants, although in all decades most came from neighboring states. In 1860 Virginia was the origin of most migrants to Kentucky, followed in order by Tennessee, Ohio, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. By 1870 most migrants to Kentucky came from Tennessee. By 1970 most came from Ohio. Migrants from Indiana, Illinois, and West Virginia came to Kentucky in greater numbers during the twentieth century, while the numbers from North Carolina and Pennsylvania declined.
The movements of Kentucky natives to other states show a significant shift from a movement west in the nineteenth century to a movement north by the mid-twentieth century. In 1850 Missouri, followed by Texas, was the leading destination of Kentucky migrants and remained so until 1910. Gradually the migrant streams shifted to the north and northwest; Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan became major destinations of migrating Kentuckians. The availability of land had been the major attraction for nineteenth century migrants, but the lure of industrial jobs was a stronger moving force in the twentieth century.
Economic factors have exerted the greatest influence on the movements of people both into and out of Kentucky. Within sixty years after the first settlers moved in, the availability of good farmland farther west caused a net loss in population. The failure of Kentucky to develop major manufacturing industries to supplement agriculture and mining made it even more difficult for the state to retain its population in the years following World War II. The energy crisis of the 1970s produced simultaneously an industrial recession and a coal boom that temporarily reversed the direction of migration, creating Kentucky’s first gain in recent history. Since 1980, though, deteriorating economic conditions have sent migrants south and to the far West rather than to the industrial North.
Compared with more urbanized states of the region, Kentucky has attracted relatively few foreign immigrants. In 1850 the first count of the foreign-born tallied 31,400 immigrants, or 4 percent of the state’s population. The highest percentage (6.4) of foreign-born persons in Kentucky was recorded in 1869 and the greatest number (63,400) in 1870. From 1860 until 1950 both numbers and percentages of the foreign-born decreased. Since 1950 there has been a slight increase, but the 34,562 foreign-born counted in 1980 constituted less than 1 percent of the total population. Many of these foreign nationals were university students rather than true immigrants, while others were refugees or spouses of service personnel who had been stationed abroad.
Howard W. Beers, Growth of Population in Kentucky 1860-1940 (Lexington, Ky., 1942)
George A. Hillery, Jr., Population Growth in Kentucky, 1820-1960 (Lexington, Ky., 1966)
Simon S. Kuznets, ed., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth: United States, 1870-1950 (Philadelphia 1957).
THOMAS R. FORD
In the print edition this entry appears on pages 636 – 637
I found a really good resource for those who are researching early settlers of Kentucky. In this article it shares the location of where it was located and the towns that it traveled through.
|The first written record of the Wilderness Road is an announcement in the Kentucky Gazette on October 15, 1796: “The Wilderness Road from Cumberland Gap to the settlements in Kentucky is now completed. Wagon’s loaded with a ton weight, may pass with ease, with four good horses.” Before that time, most people called the route either Kentucky Road or the road to the Holston settlements, depending upon the direction of travel. On John Filson‘s map, the old trail is called “The Road from the Old settle[ments] thro’ the great Wilderness.”
The Wilderness Road more or less followed the old Warriors’ Path through the Cumberland Gap to Flat Lick, then parts of Skaggs’s Trace from Flat Lick to Crab Orchard, Kentucky. Old trails and county roads that extended from Crab Orchard to Harrodsburg and Louisville are also frequently called the Wilderness Road by historians. To follow the Wilderness Road today, the traveler starts from Gate City, Virginia, and takes U.S. 58 to Jonesville. At this point the old road went northward to the base of the Cumberland Mountains and followed the mountains southwest to the Cumberland Gap after rejoining U.S. 58 east of today’s Rose Hill, Virginia. Martin’s Station was located on the road near Rose Hill and Davis Station was on the Kentucky side of the gap, in what is now national park land. From Cumberland Gap to present-day Baughman, Kentucky, the Wilderness Road was nearly the same as U.S. 25E, except that it followed the west side of Yellow Creek north of Middlesboro and the east side of the Cumberland River north of Pineville.
The original route ran north of the present Barbourville, then joined and followed KY 229 to present-day London. Modrel’s Station was built along the road on the west side of the Little Laurel River in 1795; twenty-two militia were stationed there. North of London the road was approximately the same as U.S. 25 to Wood Creek, where it turned north and led to the top of Wildcat Mountain, where there was a trench battle during the Civil War . Farther north, the road ran along the ridge inside the bend in Rockcastle River, ascended on the northwest side, and crossed the river at Ford Creek below Livingston. The road then went up the south fork of Ford Hollow Creek to Sand Hill and followed the former Chestnut Ridge road into present-day Mt. Vernon. Part of the old road was destroyed during the construction of interstate highway I-75.
West of Mt. Vernon the original Wilderness Road is still visible, crossing Little Renfro Creek about 1.5 miles below U.S. 150, and following Boone’s Fork of the Dick’s (now Dix) River to Brodhead. The road followed the north side of the river for about two miles to a salt lick, then crossed to the south side, and followed for the most part U.S. 150 into Crab Orchard. From this point, travelers took county roads to their destinations. One of the most frequently used routes northward from Crab Orchard led to Danville and Harrodsburg, then to the salt works at Bullitt’s Lick, and finally to Louisville. Another road to Louisville from Harrodsburg ran north along the town fork of Salt River past McAfee’s Station to Hammons Creek, then across Big Benson Creek to Squire Boone’s Station, and westward past Lynn’s Station, Asturgus’s Station, the Dutch Station, Floyd’s Station, and the Spring Station.
The original Wilderness Road was not paved, but logs were added later in some sections as a surface material; one such section of corduroy road near Wildcat Mountain could still be seen as late as 1970. The log surfaces were probably installed by the Union army during the Civil War to support artillery and heavily loaded army wagons. On the north side of Wildcat Mountain, two parallel roads led up the hill, about sixty feet apart. One lane was used by double-teamed wagons going up the hill, the other by the spare horses going back down the hill to be double-teamed to another wagon.
Robert L. Kincaid, The Wilderness Road (Middlesborough, Ky., 1966)
Neal Hammon, “Early Roads into Kentucky,” Register 68 (April 1970): 91-131.
In the print edition this entry appears on pages 952 – 953
Rebecca MAGGARD Boggs Combs, Hazard, KY. 4/26/1898,
I was born in 1821 in Harlan County, Kentucky on the Poor Fork. My father was Samuel MAGGARD. He was born in Rockbridge, Co., PA. He was Dutch. My mother was Rebecca ROBERTSON. They had 12 children to live to be grown. The children were: John, Susannah, Henry, Rudolph, David, Mgt (sic), Sarah, James, Moses, Samuel, Rebecca & Elizabeth. Susanna married Henry BACK related to the Breathitt BACKS. Mgt (sic) married Jesse ADAMS, Sarah married Samuel CAUDILL, Elizabeth a CREECH. He was killed in the war. My father and mother were members of the old Baptist Church so were all my bros and sis. John was the father of Samuel, Reuben or Rudolph MAGGARD of Leslie Co. My parents died on the Poor Fork; six or eight miles from its source. My husband's name was Abel BOGGS. He was raised on Callahan Creek, Lee County, Virginia, a mile from the Powell's River.
I was married to Mr. Boggs when I was 15 years old. We had four children. Jesse who lives at Hazard; Silas lives at Troublesome, a Baptist preacher; Elizabeth (HUFF) who lives on the head of the Ball in Knott Co; Susanna who married Wm. AMBURGEY and lives in Montgomery Co. KY. I married John S. Combs Nov 1875.
John S. Combs, Hazard, Ky. 4/26/1898.
I was born in Perry County 7/25/1819. My father was Jeremiah Combs. He was born in N.C. or Va. My grandfather was Nicholas Combs. He was born in Va or New River, N.C. He lived and died near where L.D. Combs now lives in Perry County. He came to Kentucky early in the settlement of Kentucky. There was a large company came together: Mason, George, Nicholas, W, Jeremiah, Henry, Elijah Combs. There was one other who made it. Yes, Henry was his name. Mason was the oldest. I have seen none of these Uncles. Henry moved to Indiana; Wm moved to Bluegrass. I do not know whether or not General Leslie Combs was kin to us but I suppose he was a son of my Uncle Wm. Combs as they both lived in that section of the state. Uncle Wm moved to the Bluegrass before I was born. My father died Jan 1853, 73 years old. This would place his birth in 1780. He was not grown when he came here. I often heard my father & mother say that the Combs's came from Jamestown, Va to North Carolina. My father had two brothers: Samuel who lives or lived at Booneville, the father of Wiley Combs & Nicholas, the father of Lorenzo, one sister who married John WILLIAMS who died on Troublesome.
My mother was Cynthia SUMNER. Her father was Samuel SUMNER who was killed by the Sheriff for resisting arrest either in N.C. or Ky. My mother came with the company to Ky. Her brother, John, came also. He moved to Indiana but some of his children returned and live in Letcher and Perry. My grandmother SUMNER married a HICKS and went to Indiana and raised a family.
Two of my uncles HICKS lived on the Ozark Mts in the edge of Arkansas, when I was there. Nicholas Combs, my grandfather, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Several of his brothers were in the same war. I can't tell which ones were in the war, they may all have been in it.
Old Wm CORNETT came with my uncles to Ky; also Richard SMITH, great grandfather of "Bad" Tom SMITH. He settled on Troublesome.
I have heard my mother tell often of the killing of BENGE, the renegade. She saw the Indians and told of one fellow hiding in the loft and falling through while the Indians were cooking below and scaring them away.
Mason Combs, my uncle, had children as follows: Martin, lived on Carr's Fork; Preston, lived in Breathitt on the Middle Fork, Cyry is son; Washington lived below mouth of Carr on North Fork; Talton Combs at the mouth of Carr; Clinton still lived at the mouth of Carr, very old; Bonaparte lived at Booneville.
George Combs had children as follows: Claiborne lived in Owsley, Henry dead.
Elijah lived in Perry. He was General of the Militia. He had sons: Jesse, Elijah, and Jackson. Josiah Combs was killed by Joe ADKINS was the son of Jesse. Jesse was Clerk of Perry first and as long as he lived and his grandson, Ira DAVIDSON, succeeded him. I have seen him (Gen. Elijah) in his regimentals commanding at the muster. He (Jesse) was killed by the explosion of a keg of powder in Shade DUFF'S store in Hazard. Someone snuffed a candle and accidentally threw the snuff in the keg of powder under the counter. DUFF was son-in-law of Combs. Both DUFF and Combs were killed. DUFF was killed instantly. Combs lay a good while.
Henry (Harry) Combs had children as follows: Henry, lived in Big Creek; Matthew lived on Troublesome in Breathitt, father of Wm. M. Combs of Breathitt and Isaac of Wolfe; also George on Troublesome in Perry. Henry moved to Indiana. Old George married a HERALD.
I do not know when the Combs's came to Kentucky, but I know it was in the 1700's.
My grandfather Nicholas Combs lived to be 101 or 2 or 3 years old. He is buried near L. D. Combs. I was grown when he died. I was married, just married, had no children (He looked at his Bible. J.J.D.) was Feb.28,1838. I bought his dog irons at his sale to go housekeeping.
The old SIZEMORES used to come to my father's to get liquor. They would drink and fight.
Andrew Combs Hazard [Perry Co], Kentucky. April 26, 1898
I was born in 1806. My grandfather lived at the Long Islands of Holston River, a good while. He and my father went there several times. My grandfather married Nancy GRIGSBY. I have been at the Long Islands of Holston myself. My mother was a sickly women and I went back for medicine. I took my mother to Salt Creek, Indiana to see her mother, Mrs. HICKS. I am a brother of John S. Combs who lives on this creek. I knew that General Leslie Combs was kin to us but I do not know whether he was Uncle William's son or not. I saw my uncle William often. He used to come from about Lexington to see us. My Grandfather Nicholas Combs came first. He built a cabin and left his wife and went back for provisions etc.
I think Sam CORNETT was the oldest of the CORNETT'S. My grandfather was detained on his first trip back to (the) Long Island of Holston and he feared his wife would starve or die before he could get back but when he came up to the point of the mouth of Carr, he helloed and she answered him. His heart leaped with joy at the response. the deer were all about the cabin but she did not know how to shoot. The women were not marksmen. I knew my mother to kill bear and deer. the old Combs's were property plenty. They owned slaves. They went back to Tennessee. I crossed New River when I went to the seashore. I think old Thomas GRIGSBY came out with my grandfather; he was his brother-in-law, brother of my grandmother. Old Mason Combs married a terrible women. Martin Combs was his son, on Carr; also Preston on Middle Fork and Bony at Booneville. the Indians used to scout through the settlement and do devilment. My wife was Polly FELTNER, they were Dutch people. My wife is four years my junior. She has a brother on Lot's Creek called Jacob FELTNER, pretty well preserved. The FELTNERS came from Tennessee. They were here when I was born. I was born in this county. My mother was a SUMNER. They came from the Long Islands of Holston. There is a island in the river a mile or two long, just below Blountsville. I am pretty certain my father married in this state. My brother, Moses was the eldest child. He was a man grown when I was a boy. My wife had brothers and sisters as follows:
William, Henry, Rebecca (OSBORNE) in Indiana, and Jacob. My father in law died and is buried at the Squire Nick Combs, place near L.D. Combs. She had a sister Nancy, married a RICHIE. Old Richard SMITH married Nancy Combs, my aunt. He was a Baptist preacher. He would drink liquor and fight. He whipped a bully and got his nose and ear bitten off. He was a blacksmith. He could not be whipped. I have traveled a great deal. I got my eyes hurt in a fight when on the road to Indiana. A fellow imposed on my brother and I whipped him. The Dr. told me my eye would fail when I was old and now the sight is gone. I have had many fights but not on my own account.
I never was whipped. Some of the old Combs's belonged to the church. My father did. He made a great deal of liquor. My grandfather and he were great workers, never stopped. They both got well off. My father made money making flat boats and selling to Clay's Ferry to boat tobacco to New Orleans. He sold one for $200.The Combs's were usually tall. My father was called "Chunky" Jerry. He was like the GRIGSBYS.
He had $10,000 worth of land in Perry County when he died. He had land all over the county. My grandfather was the richest of all the Combs's. All had negros and a great deal of property. My father used to boat coal to Clay's Ferry. I remember when they began to boat coal from here. It was when I was a boy. I remember when he took empty boats down. I am not certain but I think my father Jerry Combs, took the first boat load of coal down the river. I remember when they began to take timber off on rafts. They took walnut first. John AMY(AMIS), Sam DAVIDSON, old Billy STRONG, the preacher the BEGLEYS, and others were involved in the 'cattle war' the middle forkers got the worst of it. Old GILBERT was with AMY(AMIS) he rode up amongst the Grapevine boys. Some of the SIZEMORES were in it. CALLAHANS and DAVIDSONS came from Clay to help the Grapevine boys. AMY(AMIS) was an overbearing man. Joel ELKINS set his gun behind the door of the Court House and at the picked time shot AMY(AMIS). 1807.
They called William Combs of Fayette, "OLD BUCKERY". They said he was doing well. He was a farmer. I have been to his house in Fayette. My grandfather was a wild man, would fight in a minute but was very kind hearted. Old General Combs sent a negro man to bury a negro of his own who had died in a swamp below Squire Nicks burying ground. He had laid down on a log in a swamp and fell off dead. His little dog was lying between his shoulders when he found him. General (Elijah) told the negro to put a chain about the dead Negros neck and drag him out and dig a hole and put him in it. My grandfather (Nicholas Combs) found it out and was about to thrash the negro for doing such a thing. They both carried (it) (him) to the graveyard and buried (him) in a coffin. General and grandfather had some hard words about it. General did not care for such treatment of others nor did he fear anybody, but my grandfather was too strong for him. The FELTNERS came from Long Islands of Holston but came later then my grandfather but not much. I have seen old General Elijah Combs at muster in his regimentals. I have been sick nine month but have had no physician. I have no confidence in the doctors we have. Then I thought I was old and must soon die and it was no use to try. I am in a peculiar condition. I do not believe anybody could do me any good.
John D. WHITE
Mason Combs was the original Combs in the mountains. he settled on a high hill below the mouth of Carr's Fork, on opposite side. Mace's Creek was named for him and is really Mason's Creek. His brother's Danger Combs and Gen. Elijah Combs came later. He laid out a patent about the mouth of Mace's Creek making his beginning corner a "mill seat" upon which a mill was never built until two years ago by one of the HALLS.
Matilda DUFF Lewis - Hyden, Ky., May 1898.
My father was Rev. Daniel DUFF, born in Guilford County, N.C. in 1776. His father was Shadrick DUFF. He was killed in the Revolutionary War. His wife was Deborah DICKSON, did not survive him. Shadrick DUFF'S father was born in Ireland. He was Scotch-Irish. The DICKSONS were Irish also. My father spoke (used) broken English. My father used to call Mrs SPARKS his old Irish aunt. My father had a sister, Eliabeth, who married Mr. McLEAN. They settled in Green County, Tenn. and reared a large family. I saw two of the sons at my father's once. My mother was Nancy Ann ELLISON. My parents were married in Guilford County. Her father was Welsh. Soon after my father and mother married they came to Lee County, Va. There were DUFFS living there. Robin DUFF of that county was a very wealthy man. They were related to my father.
While they [Daniel & Nancy Ann ELLISON Duff] lived in Lee County several children were born to them. Their oldest child was Henry, he was born in 1798. John was born in 1801. In 1818 my parents removed to Perry County, Kentucky, and settled on the North Fork of the Kentucky River about two miles above the mouth of Grapevine Creek. He [Daniel] was a Baptist Minister. Attending a meeting of some kind in Harlan County, he met with Rev. Jesse BOLLING who lived on the North Fork and becoming attached to him, made a visit to his home. This led to his removal to Kentucky and Perry County.
My father's children were: Henry, John, Shadrick and Martha who married William BOWMAN and moved to Iowa. They reared a family.
Deborah, who married William BOLLING and reared a large family on Middle Fork about Perry and Breathitt line.
Mary married SHEPHERD and moved to Missouri;
Colson who married Elizabeth GILBERT of Virginia. These GILBERTS moved to Sandy Country, where Thomas GILBERT, the father died.
Drusilla married William GILBERT, brother of Elizabeth. They moved to Illinois about the close of the war. They lived in Carter county up to that time.
Alexander married Miss HOLLY or HOLYFIELD. He is a carpenter and lived in Breathitt.
Margaret who married John HAYS of Breathitt and moved to Wolfe County where she died. She was living at last account. [sic] She raised a large family.
I am the next and youngest. I was born in 1825. I married John LEWIS in 1859. Our children: Drusilla LEWIS, wife of Theo LEWIS, and Henry LEWIS with whom I live and one who died are my children. These are all.
My father died in 1855 in Carter County, my mother in Perry County in 1849. My father then went to his daughters in Carter County where he married a Mrs. Ellen ROE. He only lived a short time after this.
I went to school to David FEE. He was a smart man, a good teacher and highly respected. He taught near my home. When my father moved to Kentucky he came horseback. They came down Red Bird and up Cutshin. There were no wagon roads. They stayed all night at John GILBERTS. I knew old William STRONG, he too, was a Baptist preacher. He married Jane CALLAHAN, the daughter of Edward CALLAHAN, of Red Bird. Several of her brothers lived on the North Fork and it was they who were engaged in the "Cattle War." John AMIS, the leader of the other side, was a brother-in-law of John GILBERT, they having married sisters ... BOLLINGS. The names of CALLAHANS were William and Isaac, nicknamed "Pike" and it seems to me there was a third. Old Samuel DAVIDSON married a CALLAHAN, sister to Mrs. SSTRONG, and he was in the war.
Rev. William STRONG was a Baptist preacher. He had children as follows; Edward, Isaac, Alexander and William. William married a DEATON, sister of the old legislator. Edward married a SPENCER; his children were: Capt. William STRONG, Mrs. Alfred MARCUM, Mrs. John LITTLE and Mrs. Henry DUFF, also Robert STRONG who died young leaving a few children; also Judge Alex STRONG of Lee County, Kentucky. William had children as follows; Judge Edward STRONG of Lost Creek known as "Red Ned;" Mrs. William COPE (Tom COPE'S father) and Mrs. Wiley COPE, of Big Branch. Isaac had a son, William. Alexander married Miss WILSON, had several children, one the wife of George BAKER of Clay County, also Daniel STRONG of Laurel County.
John SPENCER was an early settler of Grapevine. I think he came from Virginia. He had a large family. I think William SPENCER of Breathitt who married Miss BRITTAIN was a relative of his. Joseph SPENCER was one of his sons. John SPENCER who married John DUFF'S daughter was a son of Joseph SPENCER.
My brother, John DUFF married Mary, the daughter of General Elijah Combs. He had children as follows:
Sarah JANE DAVIDSON,
Henry DUFF who married Mahala STRONG, daughter of Edward and sister of Capt. Bill STRONG;
Elijah, married Mary EVERSOLE, daughter of old Billy EVERSOLE lives in Owsley, father of Miss Mary DUFF;
Shadrick DUFF married Mary Combs, granddaughters of Gen. Combs. They raised a family;
Louisa, wife of John SPENCER;
Nancy, wife of Major John EVERSOLE, mother of Joseph and HARRY, George, John and Claude EVERSOLE;
Orleana, wife of Adam CAMPBELL, they reared a family;
Mary wife of Anderson EVERSOLE who moved to Kansas, a brother of Abner and Capt. Billy EVERSOLE.
John DUFF, my brother, was the first surveyor in Perry County. He was county judge of Perry in his old days. He had an arm amputated when he was in the 70's. He died in 1892, age 91. He left a fine estate at the mouth of Grapevine. His wife survives him.
Old Miss EFFIE MOORE, raised one child, Allen MOORE. She was a good woman, raised her child well, never had any other. Allen married Margaret LEWIS, sister of my husband. They had a large family of children; Daniel James, William, who was killed in Jackson, some left the country; Drusilla married James WHITE, parents of Miss Mary WHITE. They were two of the old DAVIDSONS, Samuel who married CALLAHAN above given and who moved to Missouri; and Robert who lived in Breathitt.
Shadrick DUFF, my brother was killed by the explosion of a keg of gun powder in a store room in Hazard when a young man. He snuffed a candle and threw the snuff into a keg of power, accidentally. He and my brother James were in partnership in the goods business. We lived in Hazard at the time. [My brother] John was in the south with a drove of horses at that time and did not hear the calamity till he reached home. His wife told him of it, before he got off his horse, whereupon he went to the grave and stuck his riding switch in the fresh dirt. It grew to be a tree and stands there today.
Margaret Combs Lewis, Hyden, KY, May 30, 1898.
I was born in Perry County, Kentucky in 1820 or 1822.
My father was Nicholas Combs. He was a son of Nicholas Combs, one of the original eight brothers who settled in Perry County from Holston River, Virginia.
My grandfather John Combs, my mother's father, was a Revolutionary soldier, I am certain of that. One of his brothers was also a soldier in the Revolutionary War. I think it was Washington. I was nearly grown when my grandfather, Nicholas Combs, died in 1837 or 1838. He settled near where L. D. Combs now lives and there lived and died. My father, Nicholas Combs, told me that when grandfather first came to Perry he went to Carr to get some wheat to sow from old William CORNETT. He had no wheat but half a bushel of rye which my grandfather brought home. My grandfather sowed it and when the grain was in the milk they washed it and cooked it, so scarce was bread stuff.
My grandfather, Nicholas Combs,* had only five children, viz. Nicholas, Jeremiah and Semund [sic]. Rebecca married a WILLIAMS and Licia married a SMITH.
Granville and Lorenzo Combs are my brothers and still live below Hazard.
My mother was Elizabeth Combs, daughter of John Combs and one of the original eight Combs in Perry. He first settled in Lincoln County near Danville and later came to Perry and settled on Carr's Fork. He moved to Owsley County and lived a number of years and then went to Lincoln or Boyle County where two of his daughters lived and there died. These daughters never came to the mountains. They married before their father moved to the mountains. One of them married Joseph GOOD, two of their sons from about Danville were in Perry once buying cattle. They were prosperous men. Another daughter married James HUNDLEY and they removed to Perry with my grandfather, John Combs. They had two sons, Harry (Henry) HUNDLEY and Samuel HUNDLEY. Harry (Henry) HUNDLEY married a sister of Judge Josiah Combs of Perry. Kenneth HUNDLEY, son of Sam, married Miss MATTINGLY, sister of Judge Josiah Combs' wife. My grandfather, John Combs, had a daughter named Dicie who married a SPENCER and removed to Illinois. This SPENCER was related to the SPENCERS on Grapevine. Another daughter, Margaret died single. My grandfather, John Combs, had sons: Hardin, Benjamin and John, called Jack. Hardin lived and died in Breathitt on Middle Fork at the mouth of Buck Creek. My sister married his son, Hardin. She still lives there. Benjamin lived and died on Turkey Creek, Breathitt County. Jack lived in Owsley on Cow Creek. I think the Combs came from North Carolina to Holston River. Meredith Combs of Clay County is a son of my uncle John or Jack Combs.
William M. Combs, Jackson, Breathitt Co, KY, July 19, 1898.
Henry Combs was my grandfather. He married Rachael CLEMENTS before he came to Kentucky. They had children as follows: Matthew (my father), Henry, George, James, Stephen and Frank; Bettie, Polly and Winnie. Bettie married Jerry Combs; Winnie married John MILLER; Polly, Downey STACY. My grandfather moved to Indiana about 1837 or 1838. He visited KY about 1848. He reared a large family by his second wife, Phoebe FRANCIS. George died in Perry on Troublesome. His descendents are still there. Henry married Nancy BROWN in New River, NC and reared a family on Big Creek, Perry County. Frank married Bettie OLIVER first, second Polly COUCH, lived and died in Perry. Stephen lived and died in Breathitt. My father married Frankie BROWN on New River, (sister to) my Aunt Nancy BROWN (who was married to Henry Combs). His children were: Aaron, Alfred, Matthew, Henry, Richard, Isaac B., Wm. M., Nathan, Rachel. Aaron married Ruth DICKERSON; Alfred, Peggy NOBLE; Matthew, Sallie WILLIAMS; Henry, Tempie DAVIS; Richard, Polly BACK; Isaac B., Louvisa McINTYRE; Wm. M., Jane Combs, daughter of Washington and grandaughter of Mason Combs, one of the original COMBES; Nathan married Miss CLINE of Arkansas and is still living there. Rachael married Isaac BACK. Alfred and Henry lived and died on Troublesome in Breathitt. Aaron and Matthew lived and died in Missouri; Richard in Montgomery Co., Ky. Isaac B., in Wolfe County, Ky., Rachael on Quicksand, Breathitt Co., Ky.
William M. Combs, 1898, Breathitt County, KY.
I was personally acquainted with General Leslie Combs. I met him in Frankfort in 1862, July. Dr. RODMAN knocked him down. Combs called RODMAN a God-d------ traitor. Leslie swore he could cut out a better General with a broad ax out of a buckeye than the General who was commanding at Flafort??? [sic] (Frankfort). Leslie told me we are all kin. I do not know how close, but it was distant. He had two brothers who were not much. Leslie was the boy Captain during the War of 1812. He carried a man off the battle field, and when Leslie broke (?), this man set him up in business.
Nickolson Combs was called "Danger" Combs; his son, Nickolson, was called "Birdeye;" he was Peggy LEWIS' father. General Leslie Combs was Clerk of the Court of Appeals after the Civil War.
At a Methodist meeting at the mouth of Lot's Creek, the preachers were slapping the mourners on the back and telling them to pray on, saying, "We have the devil down. Let's keep him down." Old General Elijah Combs was present and ... (Interview ends here without any warning.)
William M Combs, Jackson [Breathitt Co], Kentucky, July 19, 1898. Reverend Nixon COVEY, a local Methodist preacher, taught school in the Cut Off at Jackson in 1844. I went to school to him in 1844. He is the grandfather of the BARNETTS.
Reverend Carlisle BABBITT was an early circuit rider. He reproved Nathan NOBLE for cooking on Sunday. Next time, he gave him cold bread. BABBITT asked for the warm bread which NOBLE had cooked for himself, but he did not get it. His wife, Aunt Jennie, was a member of the Methodist Church. BABBITT preached on Lost Creek and Troublesome. It was old Mrs. ALLEN who told him where to find his sheep. It was at a log rolling; Mrs. ALLEN was there. He stopped. Mrs. ALLEN was a little tipsy and asked him his business. "I am hunting lost sheep (of Israel)." "I say that is your ram at old BILL (JAKE) NOBLE'S."
Some say she said, "Ill be d--ned." I went to school to a circuit rider in the old Baptist church on Troublesome. Reverend Richard SMITH married Malissie Combs, an ancestor of Bad TOM SMITH.
Napoleon Bonaparte Combs, Jackson, Kentucky, July 19, 1898.
I was born in Perry County, Kentucky, in 1808. All I know about my age is that I voted for General JACKSON. I think it was his second election for I only voted for him once.* My father was Mason Combs. My mother was Jennie RICHESON or RICHARDSON. He and seven brothers came. William Combs, my uncle, went to Fayette County. He was at my mother's after my father died and wanted to take me to his home to raise. My father had 11 children, 5 girls and 6 boys. I am the youngest. The girls were born first. Willie, the youngest daughter, was born in Kentucky. There are seven children, at least, born after the CombsES came to Kentucky, and the youngest was born in 1808. The surveyor (?) books are good authorities. John DUFF was the first surveyor I knew. I think the CombsES are Irish. Stephen JETT told me that he stayed all night at my father's when he moved to Kentucky. My father took up all the land that he could in his own name, and then he took some up in his daughter, Willie's, name. He owned six miles up Carr, also up and down the North Fork. He had land in Tennessee. He left his land on the Holston. He said there were Indians in Kentucky, and if he could not live here, he would have his own land to which to go back. He never sold it. He had plenty here and did not need it.
I married Miss Susan ISOM. My father-in-law said he used to carry his own gun while plowing, but I do not know that there were Indians here. The ISOMS must have come about as early as the CombsES. I moved first to Breathitt about fifty years ago and then to Owsley seven years later. General Leslie Combs, of Lexington, was a cousin of my father's. I have always understood it. One of my nephews named his son for him. So did Hardin Combs of the Middle Fork, Breathitt. Old Leslie told Wiley Combs, my son-in-law, "Never deny your name. It is as good a name as there is in this world." He always claimed kin to us."
Jason Walker BOLLING, Benge, Kentucky, June 15, 1898.
My great grandfather, Jesse BOLLING, came to Kentucky in 1810. My grandfather, Elijah BOLLING was born at the Three Forks of Powell River in Lee Co., Virginia in 1798, and when he was 12 years old his father removed to Perry Co., Ky. Daniel DUFF baptized by great-grandfather, Elijah BOLLING. Rev. Andrew BAKER baptized by great-grandfather at Blackwater Church, now Hawkins County, Tenn. My great-great grandfather was Major John BOLLING. He had 19 sons. I do not know that there were any daughters. One of these sons, William BOLLING married Martha JEFFERSON, sister of Thomas JEFFERSON, President of the United States. Other sons were, Jesse, above mentioned, Benjamin the oldest born in 1752 or 3. Jesse was born 1765. Roberta the wife of U. S. Senator Archibald DIXON, was the daughter of Dilaney BOLLING of Missouri and the granddaughter of Major John BOLLING, aforesaid. Gov. John Young BROWN'S wife was a daughter of Archibald DIXON. (ROGER CORNETT, son of the original William CORNETT built the house where HAMP. COLDIRON lives, in 1802, he married ZILPHA CALLAHAN. This makes the date of the CORNETT'S coming to Kentucky 1796-1799 probable. Men from Crug's Ferry at mouth of Sexton were at the raising. ROGER CORNETT was into slaves and land. He owned the COLEMAN Survey, patented in 1783 of 5,600 acres.)
There are some BOLLINGS in western Kentucky. One went to Congress some years ago, perhaps 1870 or 1872. The first BOLLING who came to America was Colonel Robert BOLLING of London, England. I think old Cava BAKER made the rhyme on the "Cattle War," I have always heard it that way. Old Julius Bob BAKER and William NEAL were in St. Clair's defeat. BAKER held a Major's Commission. They are both buried at Buffalo, Owsley, County. NEAL requested to be buried beside BAKER. John GILBERT and John AMIS married sisters of James BOWLING [sic]. From Eli, John (grandfather of Judge Josiah Combs'S wife), Christopher, William, Joseph, Nancy (SIZEMORE) another sister of these, have descended most of the BOLLINGS in Clay County. Jesse BOLLING, my great grandfather married Mary PENNINGTON of Lee County, Va. He was born in North Carolina at Hillsboro. His father was born in Virginia. David PENNINGTON, her brother, was living during the War of the Rebellion. My grandfather, Elijah BOLLING stayed with him in Lee Co. during the late war. Jesse BOLLING had ten children as follows: Hannah mararied HUFF; Mary married Abram BARGER; Justice married ??; John married Polly LEWIS; Jesse married LEWIS for his second wife; William married a daughter of Daniel DUFF; Elijah married ROBERTS; George married LEWIS; a daughter married Joseph SPENCER; Betsey married Abel PENNINGTON; another married MAGGARD; another died single. A. P. HILL and Basil DUKE married sisters of John MORGAN. His mother was the daughter of John HUNT, the first millionaire in Kentucky. Dr. FOSTER of Kentucky was reared by Mrs. HUNT.
I live in Leslie County, I am 55 years old. I was born in Clay County. My father’s name is Aaron Brock. My mother was Barbara Shepherd. Her father’s name was James Shepherd. He was born in Virginia. I don not know what county it was; it was near Fort Yokum and Fort —, which was taken when he was about ten years old by the Indians who were led by Benge, the white man who was taken by the Indians when a boy seven years old. His capture was as follows. His mother had sent him to gather elderberries for the ducks. A party of Indians came upon him and attempted to kill him. He gathered stones and began to fight them. Pleased with his valor they took him prisoner saying, “He will make a good warrior.” I have heard my grandfather tell this and many other things, among them the taking of Fort — and the killing of Benge.
At the taking of this last mentioned fort, the Indians killed all but two women, the wives of George and Peter Levice. (Livingston in Collins.) Among the slain were the aged mother and father of Benge. After the massacre one of the captured women asked Benge if he did not remember an old man and an old woman who were killed. He said he did. She said, “They were your father and mother.” He dropped his head and wept. They crossed the Cumberland Mountains at Benge’s Gap. One of the women was tied to an Indian chief but the other, led by Benge (Peter Levice’s wife), marked the path of their retreat by pieces of her clothing torn and scattered.
As the whites pursued, they came to the house of my great grandfather, Nimrod Shepherd. My great grandmother was baking bread. It was not more than half cooked but was divided among them hastily. They took down some dried bear meat and venison saying, “We will use the bear’s flesh for meat and the venison for bread.” The first sight they got of the Indians was an Indians who had been stationed as a picket. He was roasting a turkey and nodding. Peter Levice slipped within 31 feet of him. They feared to shoot, lest the prisoners should be murdered. Springing for behind a tree, Levice, at three bounds, fell upon his victim and dispatched him with his tomahawk. He fell into the fire and the pursuers first ate turkey and then went on in their pursuit. Peter had lost a wife before this by the Indians and had recently remarried. He swore he would have her if he had to pursue them into Ohio.
George Levice’s wife was enciente. Peter Levice’s wife was sitting awake. Benge was asleep with his hand in her lap. Only one Indian was awake. A bird hovered over Benge’s head, fluttered, and darted off in the direction of the pursuers. The waking Indian shook Benge and told him there was danger. He grunted but fell back to sleep. The bird repeated its performance. The Indian then awakened Benge and told him, “Get up. Bad luck. Bad luck.” Benge rose and climbed a black gum tree nearby and got some mistletoe, saying, “I have always gotten mistletoe from this tree when coming to Powell’s Valley and have always had good luck.” He put it in his shot pouch and they started. The white men overtook them near Benge’s Gap. Mrs. Peter Levice first saw her rescuers, and her husband was the first one she saw. He was peeping from behind a tree. He caught her eye and shook his fist at her to keep her quiet. She went only a few steps, when she broke away and started toward her husband, screaming. Benge made three leaps after her, but seeing his danger, he turned in retreat. Levice fired at him as he was pursuing his wife but feared lest he would kill his wife. As Benge retreated he bounded from side to side to prevent his pursuers from hitting him. Vinton Hobbs saved his load till Benge would get into the narrow gap and then at a distance of 55 yards he put a ball through his head. Benge had a “blackjack” cup tied to his body which he clapped over his forehead, and it filled with blood and brains. He also had a small keg of brandy swung over his shoulder. The white men were so infuriated that they turned the contents of the cup upon the ground and drank the brandy from it. They took three strips of flesh from his back, 18 inches long, saying, “These are for razor strops.” They put his skull in the cleft of a rock, and my mother said she had seen it often. George Levice’s wife clenched the Indian to who she was tied and held his arms. He struck at her with his tomahawk over his shoulders but she had his arms pinioned and he could only use them below the elbows. She would dodge his lick as far as her head was concerned but her collar bone received the blows. She held him till her husband came to the rescue and dispatched him. Soon after she died. A party of white men had gone another route in pursuit of the Indians and they killed all that escaped from this party save one and he died after reaching home. This was the last Indian raid into that country. My grandfather died about 20 years ago (1878), he was about 90 (88-94) years old. This would place this event late in the last century. (Collins’ account is from Beiy Shaw’s in American Pioneers.) Collins says 1793, Bell County.
The Indians had captured a little Negro boy. They had him in one end of a sack and a keg of liquor or brandy in the other end of the sack. When they were attacked they tumbled the sack over the cliff. It struck the top of a spruce pine which softened the fall. After they had settled with the Indians and had started back they heard the little boy crying. Going down under the cliff they found him. When they asked him how he got there he said, “Why they just throwed me over here and didn’t care whether they killed me or no.”
A man named Wallin, with a squad of seven men came from Virginia to Harlan County to hunt. Near the mouth of what is now called Wallins in Harlan County one of the party saw an Indian sitting on a log patching his moccasin and raising his trusty rifle shot him dead. Within two hours the Whites were surrounded by Indians and were all shot dead but one man. He escaped to Virginia and it was 7 days before he returned with a party to bury the dead. Each hunter had his dog. These dogs had attacked the bodies of the dead, except Wallin’s. His dog lay by the side of his master’s corpse and would neither touch it himself nor suffer another to do so. They buried them where they were shot, which was on Laurel Branch, a little above the mouth of Wallin’s Branch, at the foot of Pine Mountain. Wallin’s Creek got its name in this way.
I cannot recall the original source of this information, but I have attached all that I had in hopes that interested parties can research further on this subject matter. The Bolling/ Bowling and various spellings have thought to have had their surname changed many times. The original spelling is thought to have been Boulogne, De Bolling, Bolling, Bowling, and various other family spellings. this is interesting reading.
There are many sources that this information came from, written by Alexander Bolling and the Bolling Family Association.
Breathitt County Genealogical Society Website
Sharing information from another researcher.
Early Lower Troublesome Creek Settlers, Breathitt County *
By Victor Jones – 2000
Troublesome Creek enters into the North Fork of the Kentucky River at Haddix, in Breathitt County, eight miles upstream from Jackson, Kentucky. It meanders from this location southeast, through parts of Breathitt and Perry counties, a distance of 25 miles to Dwarf, and then flows northeast through Hindman and Knott County, to its source near the Floyd County line. Some say it is 99 miles long and comes within one mile of being a river.
The section that I am concerned with is the lower 25 miles, between Haddix and Dwarf. This is where the ancestors of both my father and mother settled, and where I have lived for 67 of my 72 years. I am located two miles downstream from the Breathitt/Perry County line on property that was once owned by my great-great-grandparents, Andrew Borkin Jones (on my father’s side) and Isaac “Bum” Miller (on my mother’s side). The location is about halfway between Haddix and Dwarf.
The first permanent settlers began bringing their families to live in this section of Troublesome Creek in the 1790s and early 1800s. Parts of this region were in Clay County, until 1839. Therefore, most records will list the original settlers as settling in Clay County, when in fact, they settled around the mouth of Troublesome Creek, in (now) Breathitt County, and upstream to Dwarf, in Perry County.
The early settlers to this area came from several routes across or around the Appalachian Mountains. They came mostly from the states of Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The Nobles, Neaces, Allens, Sizemores, and other families made their way from the Big Sandy region, across Quicksand, and down Little Buckhorn Creek to its junction with Troublesome Creek; and are credited, by many, as being the first permanent settlers to the area.
William Noble and his wife, Rachel Allen, and other members of this party settled, permanently, in the Buckhorn area; while his brother, Nathan Noble, and his wife, Virginia Neace, along with other members of the party moved downstream to Lower Beaverdam and crossed the hills to what is now Cockrell’s Fork, on Lost Creek. Here, they established a permanent camp for the winter, because Virginia was heavy with child. They never left the area.
About the time these groups were establishing settlements upstream at Buckhorn and on Lost Creek, another group was moving into the area, around the mouth of Troublesome and Lost Creeks. These settlers had moved from Lee County, Virginia, and most were related by blood or marriage. It is believed they came across the mountains through Harlan and Leslie counties, and possibly Cumberland Gap.
This group included Samuel Haddix; his wife, Nancy Ann Fugate; and sons Colby, John, and William. Their other son, Henley, would come at a later date.
Others included Benjamin Fugate; his wife, Hanna Deevers; and children, Martin and Zachariah. Benjamin was the brother of Nancy Ann, the wife of Samuel Haddix; Martin Miller; William Harvey; Benjamin Harvey; Nimrod McIntosh; John Hays; and Joshua Barnett.
Zachariah Campbell and Polly Couch were, also, early settlers, who brought their family to the Troublesome Creek area. They settled on Campbell’s Branch, near the mouth of Troublesome Creek, near the area where Samuel Haddix and his sons had settled. His children moved to different locations up Troublesome Creek, to Ary, and married members of other pioneer families. Susan Campbell married John Roberts; Caleb married Frankie Miller, daughter of William Joseph Miller and Elizabeth Cockrell; Lewis married Matilda and Mary Polly Fugate, who were granddaughters of Benjamin Fugate; and John C. Campbell married Martha Smith, daughter of Richard Smith and Alicia Combs.
William Harvey, Andrew Harvey, and John Roberts were among the early settlers; while John Russell, Jonathan T. Jones, Henry Hudson, and John Johnson came to the area a few years later.
About ten miles upstream from the mouth of Buckhorn, Richard Smith and his wife, Alicia Combs, along with the Grigsbys, Ritchies, Combses, and Jonathan Fugate formed a permanent settlement. This group had made its way through Pound Gap, Virginia, to the source of the North Fork of the Kentucky River. From there, they moved down the Kentucky River Valley and found their way into the headwaters of Troublesome Creek. This group settled the region between Ball Creek and Dwarf, on Troublesome Creek, and all its tributaries in this area.
Many descendents of the early families, who came to this area 200 years ago, are still living on the original home sites. Many of the creeks and hollows bear the names of their ancestors. Beginning at the mouth of Troublesome Creek, there is: Haddix, Hays’ Branch, Nix’s Branch (once called Harvey’s Branch), Harvey Bend, and Fugate’s Fork. On Buckhorn Creek, Noble was the post office. Lewis Fork, Clemons Fork, Miller’s Branch, Dan’s Fork, and Jake’s Fork were named for families or individuals.
In Perry County, there is Noble, Mac, Nelly, Tom’s Branch, and McGilton. Many other smaller streams and hollows also bear individual or family names.
My goal is to trace the descendents of the first families, who settled in the lower Troublesome Creek area (from Haddix to Dwarf), locate the original homesites, trace family ties, burial locations, discover other pertinent family history, and preserve this information for future generations.
I have read and recorded all the major cemeteries, from Grassy Gap (at the head of Lewis Fork, on Buckhorn Creek) to the Thorpe Cemetery, at the mouth of Troublesome Creek, at Haddix; and I’m attempting to locate and mark all of the smaller, isolated cemeteries which are located in the backwoods.
The graves of many of the first settlers to this area have been located, but the location of many others are lost, forever. Some of the ones located are Nathan Noble and Virginia Neace; Benjamin Fugate and his wife, Hanna Deevers, and many of their children; John Haddix and his grandsons, Henley and William; Benjamin Miller and his wife, Nancy Holcomb, and many of their children; Richard Smith and his wife, Alicia Combs, and their descendants; Jonathan Fugate and his wife, Lettie Wells (the location has been established, but markers have not been found), and their descendants; Lewis, John C. Jackson, and Caleb Campbell, and many of their descendents; Ira Noble (born 1811) and many of his children; William Harvey, Jr., Alford Combs; Jonathan T. Jones and his descendants; and numerous others.
The records of the Old Buckhorn Regular Primitive Baptist Church have been used, extensively, in my research. The Buckhorn church was established on October 25, 1839, and is still in operation. Services are held the third Sunday in each month.
Most of the original records are in my possession, except for the ones used by James Clell Neace, in his article “Religion in Eastern Kentucky,” published in the May 1999 issue of The Kentucky Explorer. Those were, somehow, separated from the original records of the church, while they were in the care of a past church clerk. The original records are the property of the Buckhorn church. I have a copy of the material that Mr. Neace used, and the original records from 1854, until the present.
I have been a deacon of the church since 1986. Deacons of the past include Caleb Campbell, John Holliday, Ira Noble, Wilson Tincher, and Andy B. Marshall.
Many of the names that appear on the organizational charter of the Buckhorn church were the first settlers to arrive in the Troublesome Creek area. Some of them include Lewis Campbell, Caleb Campbell, Franky (Miller) Campbell, Jonathan Fugate, Lettie (Wells) Fugate, Alford Combs, Ira Noble, Rachel (Fugate) Noble, William Miller,
Joseph Miller, Sally (Noble) Miller, Lorenzo Dow Smith, Hanna (Deevers) Fugate, Phoebe Fugate, and others.
My studies have revealed that there are very few individuals, if any, who can trace their ancestry to an early settler on Troublesome Creek, between Haddix and Dwarf, and not be related by blood or marriage to everyone else. It is my goal to record the descendants of all the early families of Troublesome Creek. I realize they are scattered throughout the United States, and perhaps, other countries. I would welcome any information concerning any descendants from this area and will include them in my genealogical record of Troublesome Creek families.
In particular, I would like any information on Jonathan T. Jones, who settled in Perry County, on McGilton Creek, between 1835-1840. His wife was Lucinda; and his children were Elizabeth, Andrew Borkin, Delitha, Samantha, and William. The 1870 Perry County Census lists Jonathan, as being born in 1800 and coming from Lee County, Virginia. However, I have been unable to find any records in Lee County on his family.
Victor Jones, 575 Bethel Church Road, Hardshell, KY 41348, phone: 606-666-5396, shares his research with our readers. He is a retired educator of the Breathitt County school system. All photos courtesy of the author.